Horticulture Highlight: Cephalotaxus harringtonia, Plum yew
…you are so little
you are more like a flower
who found you in the green forest
and were you very sorry to come away?…
-e. e. cummings
Although small in stature Cephalotaxus harringtonia, Plum yew exceeds yew in ornamental quality. It has beautiful, glossy, dark green, evergreen needles, one-two-inches long. It is another genus that normally has male and female reproductive flowers on separate plants. The clusters of male strobili (flowers) appear on the underside of branch stems in April and are a yellowish-green color. When successfully fertilized separate female plants will produce a fruit containing a single seed surrounded by a purplish, flesh, which leads it to resemble a primitive olive.
Generally, insect and pest free Cephalotaxus harringtonia, Plum yews also have a reputation of being resistant to deer browse. There are many anecdotes in areas with heavy deer pressure supporting this reality. Of course, there is the usual admonition of… “it also depends on how severe a winter has eliminated all other browse options.” Fortunately Mount Auburn does not have a deer browsing problem. On a future visit to Mount Auburn, look for some of our Cephalotaxus harringtonia, Plum yews on Central Avenue, Beech Avenue, Willow Avenue, Poplar Avenue, Halcyon Avenue, and Rosebay Path among other locations.