Horticulture Highlight: Aesculus parviflora
“Dr. What is Summer in a fine brocaded gown!”
Aesculus parviflora, bottlebrush buckeye provides a commanding display of contrasting white, eye-catching flowers, brocade-like in our tapestry.
The genus Aesculus is comprised of 13-19 species (depending on taxonomic authority) of trees or shrubs native to North America, Europe, and Asia. Aesculus parviflora is a large spreading shrub reaching 10-12 feet high and often that wide at maturity. The multiple suckering upright stems form a shape with a central high point, often creating an appearance of a grove of small trees. The palmately compound leaves have five to seven leaflets, each 3-9 inches long by 1-4 inches wide. These leaves have no serious insect or disease problems – unlike the Aesculus hippocastanum, common horse chestnut tree with leaves that turn unsightly brown and drop early in September.
The species name parviflora, given by Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778), is from the Latin parvus meaning little or small and flora meaning flower, hence “little flower.” Each white flower has four petals, one-half inch long surrounding pinkish-white, thread-like stamens topped with red anthers standing out one-inch from the petals. Multiples of these flowers are arranged on tapered, cylindrical 8-to-12 inch long upright panicles (the bottlebrushes). The effect is outstanding, bold yet delicate at the same time. The plant will grow and flower in sun or shade within USDA Zones 4-8.
It is native to the southeastern states of South Carolina to Alabama and south to Florida although historically disjunct populations have been recorded in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Aesculus parviflora was discovered in the 1770’s by William Bartram (1739-1823) naturalist, artist, writer, and plant explorer. Early in his life William was referred to as “my little botanist” by his father, the famous Philadelphia-based plant collector, John Bartram (1699-1777) of whom Linnaeus called “…the greatest natural botanist in the world” who had also served as the Royal Botanist in the Colonies of King George III.
William Bartram published in 1791 Travels through North and South Carolina, Georgia, East and West Florida, the Cherokee Country, etc… which became a small classic of American literature. This natural history study had profound influence on English romantic poets Samuel Coleridge (1772-1834) and William Wordsworth (1770-1850). Also John James Audubon (1785-1851) read the work with a “thrill of delight.” Certainly Mount Auburn’s visionary founder Dr. Jacob Bigelow (1787-1879) read this book and undoubtedly visited Bartram’s garden while earning his medical degree from the University of Pennsylvania (1810).You may ponder some of this when you seek out fine plantings of bottlebrush buckeye found in profuse flowering along Garden Avenue and Fountain Avenue on your July visit to Mount Auburn.
*This Horticulture Highlight was originally published in the July 2010 issue of the Friends of Mount Auburn electronic newsletter.